What Happens If You Have Untreated Periodontal Disease in Bradenton

periodontal disease

Are you noticing a persistent bad breath, bleeding gums, or changes in the appearance of your teeth? This could be a sign of periodontal disease. Inflammation of the gums, tissue, and bone caused by periodontal disease can lead to loose or falling teeth and discomfort to the person. It is important to pay attention to your oral hygiene and take precautionary actions to prevent such severe gum disease.

In this article, we’ll discuss the symptoms of periodontal disease and what happens if you neglect this type of gum disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

A significant oral health issue that impacts over half of adult Americans is periodontal disease. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth. It is a common dental problem and is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal disease is usually caused by the accumulation of dental plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth.

In its early stages, it is readily treated, but many people are unaware that they have it until symptoms show up, which is sometimes not until the condition has advanced to moderate or severe levels, which calls for more involved medical interventions. Maintaining proper oral hygiene and scheduling routine dental cleanings and examinations are the most efficient strategies for identifying and preventing periodontal disease.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The symptoms of periodontal disease can vary depending on the stage of the condition. In the early stage, known as gingivitis, symptoms may be mild, but as the disease progresses to periodontitis, the symptoms can become more pronounced. 

Here are common symptoms associated with periodontal disease:

  • Gingivitis Symptoms — This is the early stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation of the gums. The gums may appear red, and swollen, and may bleed easily during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is usually reversible with good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.
    • Redness and inflammation of the gums.
    • Swollen or puffy gums.
    • Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing.
    • Tender or sensitive gums.
    • Persistent bad breath (halitosis).
  • Periodontitis Symptoms — If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease. In periodontitis, the inflammation extends to the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone. This can lead to the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, where bacteria can accumulate and cause further damage. 
    • Receding gums lead to the appearance of longer teeth.
    • Formation of pockets between the teeth and gums.
    • Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting.
    • Loose or shifting teeth.
    • Pus between the teeth and gums.
    • Changes in the fit of partial dentures.
    • Changes in the alignment of teeth.
    • Persistent bad taste in the mouth.

What Happens When Periodontal Disease Goes Untreated?

When periodontal disease goes untreated, it can progress and lead to various complications and serious consequences. The severity of these consequences often depends on the stage of the disease and how well it is managed. 

Here are some potential complications of untreated, periodontal disease:

  • Advanced Periodontitis —- As periodontal disease advances, the inflammation can extend deeper into the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone. Formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums, allowing for the accumulation of bacteria. Destruction of the bone that supports the teeth leads to tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss.
  • Tooth Loss — Untreated periodontitis is a significant cause of tooth loss in adults. The loss of bone and supporting structures can result in teeth becoming loose and eventually falling out or requiring extraction.
  • Systemic Health Effects —- There is a growing body of research suggesting a link between periodontal disease and systemic health issues. Untreated gum disease has been associated with an increased risk of conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and certain pregnancy complications. Chronic inflammation from periodontal disease may contribute to systemic inflammation, which can affect other organs and systems in the body.
  • Abscess Formation —- Pockets of pus (abscesses) can form between the teeth and gums, leading to localized swelling, pain, and potential drainage of pus. Abscesses may require drainage and antibiotic treatment.
  • Altered Appearance and Function —- The loss of teeth and supporting bone can result in changes to facial appearance and the ability to chew properly. Tooth loss may also impact speech and overall oral function.
  • Impact on Quality of Life —- Chronic pain, discomfort, and the aesthetic consequences of tooth loss can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life and self-esteem.
periodontal disease

FAQs

How can I recognize the signs of periodontal disease?

Common signs include red and swollen gums, bleeding during brushing or flossing, receding gums, persistent bad breath, loose or shifting teeth, and the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums. Regular dental check-ups are crucial for early detection.

Can untreated periodontal disease affect my overall health?

There is evidence suggesting a link between periodontal disease and systemic health issues. Untreated gum disease has been associated with an increased risk of conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and certain pregnancy complications.

What can happen if I ignore early symptoms of gum disease?

Ignoring early symptoms of gum disease, such as gingivitis, can lead to the progression of the condition to more severe stages, including periodontitis. This may result in irreversible damage to the supporting structures of the teeth, increased tooth mobility, and eventual tooth loss.

How can I prevent periodontal disease from returning in the future?

Frequent brushing and flossing at home are essential for maintaining good dental hygiene and preventing the recurrence of periodontal disease. It’s also advised to get dental implants to replace lost teeth, visit the dentist twice a year, and get medical attention for periodontal disease problems right away.

Conclusion

It’s crucial to constantly abide by your dentist’s instructions about routine dental checkups. Periodontitis can be managed and prevented from getting worse. Because of this, it’s imperative that you schedule a visit with your dentist as soon as you begin to experience any of the symptoms. Our board-certified professionals can help you identify and prevent periodontal disease at its first sign. Contact us today.

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